We are North Carolina Turf Specialists and
Members of the Turfgrass Council of North Carolina
• Mowing
• Trimming/Edging
• Mulching/Pine Straw
• Pruning of Plants/Shrubs/Trees
• Sodding
• Core Aeration
• Fall/Spring Leaf Cleanup
• Bush Hogging Lots/Debris Removal
• Commercial & Residential
• Landscape Design & Installation
• Irrigation Design & Installation
• Irrigation Maintenance & Repair
• Water Gardens
• Retaining Walls
• Drainage Systems
• Flagstone Patios, Borders & Walkways
• Outdoor Lighting
• Fertilization
• Weed Control in Turf and Beds
• Balancing PH in Turf
• Insecticides/Fungicides
• Horticultural Oil for Plants & Trees
What is Turfgrass?

Turfgrass is the most widely-grown ornamental crop in the southeast. Turfgrass is typically used on sod farms, athletic fields, roadsides, golf courses, and parkland, and around schools, churches, and commercial buildings.

North Carolina sits in the transition zone for cool and warm season turfgrasses. Cool season turf has optimum growth at temperatures between 60 and 75°F, and warm season turf has optimum growth between 80 and 95°F. The most commonly grown species in our warmer coastal areas, however, is bermuda grass. Other popular varieties include bahiagrass, centipedegrass, St. Augustine grass, and zoysiagrass.

Find some brief explanations of the different types below:
Common bermudagrass is drought resistant,
grows on many soils, and makes a good turf if
fertilized and mowed right. Iit frequently is used
on home lawns due to the ease and economy
of establishment. Common bermuda may be
planted from either seed or sprigs and with
proper management will provide a high quality
turf. One of the southeast's favorites grass types,
it prefers full sun, is drought resistant and can
withstand heavy traffic.
If you're not sure what
kind of turf is best suited
for your area, please call
us at 910-465-1797 to
set up a free evaluation.
Identification of turfgrasses
is a skill that is critical to
effective turfgrass management.
Proper management of turf
depends on knowledge of
the species growth habits,
tolerances of cultural methods,
and susceptibilities to damage
from environmental stresses,
including pests.
Bahiagrass is a good low input warm season lawn and pasture grass. Bahia can be easily
planted from grass seed and provides a decent "medium utility" turfgrass lawn in
Southern state areas. Bahia turf requires a moderate amount of lawn grass care,
maintenance and mowing. It's a good all-around purpose grass that has increased
in use due to it's ability to survive period of drought. It is also a relatively low
maintenance grass with less disease and insect problems than some of the other
warm season grasses.

This creeping perennial is well adapted to the sandy, acidic soils of low fertility and
requires low maintenance. It spreads by stolons and has a coarse texture with short
upright stems that grow to about 3-5 inches and require less mowing.

Being a low growing grass it is a favorite of busy lawn growers with a much longer
period of days being added to the mowing cycle. Low fertilization (with low
phosphorus) requirements can be met by a yearly application. Too much nitrogen
can produce growth but cause problems with insects or disease. Centipede is rather
drought tolerant and when healthy is aggressive enough to choke out weeds and
other grasses. Although the roots are not as deep as Bahia or Bermuda, its close
to the ground growth allows for better conservation of water and helps fight drought.
Slightly shade tolerant.

St. Augustine
Saint Augustine lawns are a popular wide bladed (coarse) lawn planted throughout
many areas of the Southeastern USA. The grass is found in Mexico, Australia, and
in tropical parts of Africa. It is a warm season grass that does not handle cold
weather very well although it is the most shade tolerant of the warm season grasses.

Saint Augustine grass grows from the Carolinas to the Texas Gulf coast and from
mid California down. This is one of the oldest coastal grasses and in its different
varieties and strains it has been found from the Carolinas to Australia and New Zealand.
Several coastal areas of Africa and all through the tropics St. Augustine can be found
growing. Man has managed to move it inland for ground cover and pasturage. And as
long as moisture and soil requirements are met it makes for beautiful lawns. It is a
thick bladed grass and with good maintenance can produce a thick, beautiful dark
green lawn and requires full sun to moderate shade.
Zoysiagrass is wear tolerant and can be used on golf courses, athletic fields
(baseball and softball), lawns and parks. It forms a dense sod but is slow to repair
so it is normally not used on high traffic football or soccer fields.

In the south Zoysia has good shade tolerance while in the cooler areas it needs
more sun. Zoysia is a highly desirable grass for the coastal areas with an increased
tolerance for salt spray similar to St. Augustine.
We are professional, reliable and local lawn care services including weed control, lawn fertilization and more. Serving commercial, residential and construction industries.
©2010 LIVE OAK LAWNS and DENNIS FULLERTON, JR. • ALL RIGHTS RESERVED • Call us today! 910.465.1797